Colibri Cloudforest Regeneration
Restoring and conserving habitat connectivity in agricultural areas is essential for protecting tropical forest biodiversity. Ecological corridors between forest stands can allow seed dispersing animals to travel greater distances, which can increase or preserve both floral and faunal diversity in the area. Improved habitat connectivity can sometimes be achieved by simply leaving areas that have not suffered severe ecological degradation undisturbed, and allowing the natural forest regeneration process to progress. Thus, this project will help restore and conserve habitat connectivity over a large area by focusing regeneration efforts on the more degraded sites.
In areas that have experienced intensive degrading agricultural practices for many years, soils can become depleted of nutrients and crop yields can begin to decline. As crops begin to suffer, new agricultural land is sought after- which is more than often acquired through methods of deforestation. Additionally, exposed soils have greater susceptibility to erosion during periods of heavy rainfall, which can prevent plants from establishing and can even lead to life-threatening landslides. This leads to a never ending vicious cycle of forest degradation.
The project will be carried out using the Farmer Field School methodology. This is a participatory methodology developed by the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization. Project sites have been divided into two areas: 1) areas intended for sustainable coffee agroforestry and 2) degraded areas in need of soil stabilization and ecological restoration. Plant nurseries will be created in order to propagate seedlings for the project, which will consist of native tree species to restore the forest, coffee plants, and selected timber trees with economic value and certain ecological traits.
- Utilize species in agroforestry systems that can improve site conditions and provide shade for coffee plants, as well as economically valuable timber species that can provide income in the future.
- Encourage forest regeneration on degraded slopes by planting fast-growing species that improve soil quality and attract seed dispersing animals.
- Produce coffee in a sustainable manner, that meets organic certification requirements for national and international markets.
The Colibri Cloudforest Regeneration project is located in the Pampa Hermosa District in the Satipo Province of Peru’s Junín Region, where the Andes meet the Amazon.